Black Women More Likely To Have Vitamin D Deficiency, Bacterial Vaginosis, Study Finds

May 29, 2009

Black women are nearly three times as likely as white women to have a vitamin D deficiency, which is linked with an increased risk of the vaginal infection bacterial vaginosis, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Nutrition, the New York Times reports. Black women likely have lower levels of vitamin D because the higher amount of pigment in their skin prevents the body from absorbing the vitamin.

For the study, researchers led by Lisa Bodnar, an assistant professor of epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh, examined 209 white pregnant women and 260 black pregnant women at a Pittsburgh clinic. More than half of the women had low levels of vitamin D, the study found. Women whose vitamin D levels were 50 nanomoles or less had a 26% increased risk of BV, while women whose vitamin levels were less than 20 nanomoles had a 65% increased risk of the infection. About 52% of black women had the infection, compared with 27% of white women, the study found (Bakalar, New York Times, 5/26). The study found that 93% of women with BV had low vitamin D levels and that BV prevalence decreased as vitamin levels increased.
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Economic Stimulus Package Likely To Cost As Much As $850B, Include Funds For Medicaid, Health Care IT

January 16, 2009

Aides to President-elect Barack Obama have told lawmakers that a two-year economic stimulus package they plan to consider in January 2009 could cost as much as $850 billion, rather than the $600 billion currently under consideration, congressional officials said on Wednesday, the AP/Contra Costa Timesreports (AP/Contra Costa Times, 12/17).

According to the Los Angeles Times, the economic stimulus package “could shape the course of Obama’s presidency” and “help lift the economy out of recession, giving him the space to enact his ambitious energy, education and health care plans” (Nicholas, Los Angeles Times, 12/17). Lawmakers and lobbyists have said that the package “would let states and localities, rather than the federal government, decide how to spend the bulk of the money” to avoid the “more time-consuming practice of loading the measure with thousands of … earmarks,” Bloomberg/Detroit Free Pressreports (Woellert/Greiling Keane, Bloomberg/Detroit Free Press, 12/18).
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Depressed Dialysis Patients More Likely To Be Hospitalized Or Die

January 2, 2009

Dialysis patients diagnosed with depression are nearly twice as likely to be hospitalized or die within a year than those who are not depressed, a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher has found.

In the study, available online and in the Sept. 15 issue of Kidney International, researchers monitored 98 dialysis patients for up to 14 months. More than a quarter of dialysis patients received a psychiatric diagnosis of some form of depression based on a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition (DSM IV).
Read the rest of this entry »


Economic Stimulus Package Likely To Cost As Much As $850B, Include Funds For Medicaid, Health Care IT

December 29, 2008

Aides to President-elect Barack Obama have told lawmakers that a two-year economic stimulus package they plan to consider in January 2009 could cost as much as $850 billion, rather than the $600 billion currently under consideration, congressional officials said on Wednesday, the AP/Contra Costa Timesreports (AP/Contra Costa Times, 12/17).

According to the Los Angeles Times, the economic stimulus package “could shape the course of Obama’s presidency” and “help lift the economy out of recession, giving him the space to enact his ambitious energy, education and health care plans” (Nicholas, Los Angeles Times, 12/17). Lawmakers and lobbyists have said that the package “would let states and localities, rather than the federal government, decide how to spend the bulk of the money” to avoid the “more time-consuming practice of loading the measure with thousands of … earmarks,” Bloomberg/Detroit Free Pressreports (Woellert/Greiling Keane, Bloomberg/Detroit Free Press, 12/18).
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Teenagers Attending College Less Likely To Engage In Risky Sexual Behavior

December 26, 2008

Adolescents attending college six months after completing high school are significantly less likely to engage in risky sexual behavior than those who do not go to college, according to the first study to directly compare the two groups.

The University of Washington study, published in this month’s issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health, also compared risky sexual behavior of teens living at home and those who established their own residences and found no significant differences between the groups, said Jennifer Bailey, a research scientist with the UW’s Social Development Research Group and lead author of the paper.
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Depressed Dialysis Patients More Likely To Be Hospitalized Or Die

September 13, 2008

Dialysis patients diagnosed with depression are nearly twice as likely to be hospitalized or die within a year than those who are not depressed, a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher has found.

In the study, available online and in the Sept. 15 issue of Kidney International, researchers monitored 98 dialysis patients for up to 14 months. More than a quarter of dialysis patients received a psychiatric diagnosis of some form of depression based on a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition (DSM IV).
Read the rest of this entry »


Teenagers Attending College Less Likely To Engage In Risky Sexual Behavior

June 7, 2008

Adolescents attending college six months after completing high school are significantly less likely to engage in risky sexual behavior than those who do not go to college, according to the first study to directly compare the two groups.

The University of Washington study, published in this month’s issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health, also compared risky sexual behavior of teens living at home and those who established their own residences and found no significant differences between the groups, said Jennifer Bailey, a research scientist with the UW’s Social Development Research Group and lead author of the paper.
Read the rest of this entry »